ARTIFICIAL STONE

Artificial stone worktops, walls, floorsstairs resemble those made of natural stone. So-called engineered stone has similar textures and patterns to natural stone, but it is often regarded as more durable and easier to maintain in good shape than natural stone. Solid surface, engineered quartz, sintered stone and ceramic surfaces, all manufactured using high technologies, look modern and elegant in any interior. 


Acrylic stone

Solid surface countertop fabricators in Lithuania

engineered quartz

Engineered quartz worktop fabricators in the Baltics

sintered stone

Fireplace cladding in Neolith sintered stone

ceramic surface

countertop manufactured from Laminam ceramic material


What makes artificial stone special?

 

Artificial stone surfaces in private homes, hotels, restaurants, medical premises are valued for their hardness and considerable thinness. All four surface types are non-porous or very little porous. This latter characteristics means that spilled liquids cannot penetrate into the countertop, making it easy to clean and keep it tidy with smallest efforts. Being non porous, these surfaces do not need to be sealed. Acrylic stone can also be formed and folded during the manufacturing process.

 

Some artificial stone worktops are generally stronger and less fragile than those made from natural stone such as marble, onyx, travertine. Engineered surfaces can resist stronger abrasion, scratching, UV rays. Acrylic stone is the softest and less scratch-resistant of the man-made materials, but the good news is that old or damaged acrylic surfaces can be repaired and re-polished as many times as necessary. Once polished, old acrylic worktops will look new again, generally no signs of repair will be visible. 

 

The standard thickness of engineered stone slabs is 12 mm or 20 mm. Thinner panels (6 mm and even 3 mm) are commonly used for wall cladding and furniture facades. In comparison, natural stone slabs generally are 20 to 40 mm thick, therefore tend to be heavier and bulkier than engineered stone slabs. The lighter the slabs are, the easier it is to transport, work and install them. Thin worktops also look more modern. If needed, the edges can be visually broadened to the required thickness when manufacturing the worktop, but this does not result in a significantly heavier piece of furniture.


artificial stone fabricators in lithuania

engineered stone fabricator Arsenalas
Solid surface fabricators in Lithuania


ARTIFICIAL STONE TYPES

  ACRYLIC QUARTZ SINTERED CERAMIC
 BRANDS

Corian

Staron

Meganite

Radianz

Silestone

Caesarstone

 

Neolith

Dekton

Lapitec

 

Laminam

Emil

Ariostea

WHAT IS IT?

70% natural stone (grounded into powder) and

30% resins and pigments

95-97% natural stone

(grounded into powder) and

3-5% resins and pigments

100% natural (earth minerals sintered into slabs by using very high temperature and extremely high pressure)  100 % natural clays and other minerals
APPEARANCE

Matte

Polished

Solid

Patterned

Relief

Matte

Polished

Even-coloured

Patterned

Matte

Polished

Even-coloured

Patterned

Rough

Wavy

Relief 

Matte

Polished

Even-coloured

Patterned

Rough

Wavy

Relief 

HEAT RESISTANCE Resistant to heat up to +100 °C, use trivets under hot pots and pans  Resistant to heat up to +150 °C, use trivets under hot pots and pans  Resistant to extreme heat, no need to use trivets under hot pots and pans Resistant to heat
SCRATCH RESISTACE Can scratch, scratches can be professionally refinished Highly scratch resistant Extremely scratch resistant Highly scratch resistant
CLEANLINESS

Non-porous

Antibacterial

Can be used commercially in food preparing and medical premises

(most brands have NSF 51 rating)

Non-porous

Antibacterial

Can be used commercially in food preparing and medical premises

(most brands have NSF 51 rating)

Non-porous

Antibacterial

Can be used commercially in food preparing and medical premises

(most brands have NSF 51 rating)

Non-porous

Antibacterial

Can be used commercially in food preparing and medical premises

(most brands have NSF 51 rating)

FABRICATION Seams and joints will typically be invisible, many edge options available Seams are very tight, but visible, many edge options available Seams are very tight, but visible Seams are very tight, but visible
MAINTENANCE No sealing necessary, repairable, top can be repolished to restore original finish No sealing necessary No sealing necessary No sealing necessary

ARTIFICIAL STONE PROPERTIES

  HEAT RESISTANT WILL ETCH WILL SCRATCH WILL STAIN CAN BACKLIGHT
 ACRYLIC STONE     x   x
ENGINEERED QUARTZ  (x)        
SINTERED STONE x        
CERAMIC SURFACE x        

Which type of artificial stone to choose?

 

Before choosing the type of engineered stone material for your project, think about the overall purpose of the item, the aesthetic qualities you expect, and the time you want to dedicate for its maintenance. Knowing this makes it easier to decide whether acrylic, quartz, ceramic or sintered material will be best for you.

 

If you are planning to install a new bathroom vanity with integrated sink, then acrylic solid surface, such as Corian, Meganite or Staron, might be the most convenient choice. This is because acrylic stone fabricators can also make your sink out of the same material as the surface, and join the two without any visible seams. In addition, you can have a splashguard attached to it by slightly rounded angle (radius), all parts forming one-piece item. Since acrylic solid surface products are seamless, there will be no small cavities on such furniture for water or dirt to accumulate. Acrylic stone slabs can be shaped and folded, therefore this material is particularly suitable for curvy reception desks and sculpture-like items. It can be an excellent choice for artistic and otherwise unusual architectural projects.

 

If you dream of a kitchen countertop or kitchen island that would be both, spectacular and practical, you might choose to fabricate it from engineered quartz, such as Silestone or Radianz. Such worktops are not just very durable, but also look great for their entire lifetime. Engineered quartz materials have been very popular in Scandinavia for many years. Quartz is a good choice for dining tables, furniture tops (such as night stands or chest of drawers), windowsills, bars, reception desks. 

 

Ceramic and porcelain surfaces, such as Ariostea or Laminam, have similar practical and aesthetic properties to engineered quartz. These materials are very durable, but at the same time have elegant and minimalistic look. They are increasingly used for producing kitchen countertops and bathroom vanities. Porcelain windowsills will look fantastic! Lightweight and thin ceramic slabs (3-6 mm) are often used for furniture facades. They also suit well for cladding walls and fireplaces.

 

If you intend to chop meat or make fire on your future worktop, then you need a sintered stone material for it, such as Neolith, Lapitec or Dekton. Thin sintered stone slabs are ideal for fireplace surrounds (ceramic is also good for this purpose, whereas quartz is less suitable, and acrylic stone is not suitable at all). As sintered stone is very durable and very scratch resistant, it can be used in high traffic areas for stairs, floors and walls. Being non-porous and UV-resistant, it is ideal material for cladding building facades. Sintered stone surfaces do not need to be sealed, no matter where they are placed and whatever their purpose. Rain, frost, and even icing are no threat to them. Sintered stone items visually add a touch of modern look to any space. 

 

In terms of average cost, engineered stone materials rank from the cheapest to the most expensive in the following order: acrylic - ceramic - quartz - sintered. Each material has its own price categories, depending on the chosen pattern and design. The price spectrum also varies from one manufacturer to another. It is possible that a product chosen from the most expensive category of acrylic solid surface will be more expensive than the product from the cheapest category of quartz and so on.


Comparison of engineered quartz to sintered stone

 

Engineered quartz and sintered stone are both very hard surfaces that are non porous, scratch resistant, and do not stain easily. The main difference between these artificial materials is in their composition. Engineered quartz is a combination of natural mineral quartz particles (around 95-97%) and special resin binders with added pigments (3-5%). Sintered stone is composed entirely of natural minerals that are transformed into a new material through the process of sintering. This process uses intense heat, intense pressure and electricity to transform the minerals into a solid hard mass of a new material.

 

Quartz and sintered stone are both very hard, even harder than granite. This hardness makes them scratch resistant and very durable. Sintered stone is even harder than quartz. Both materials are non-porous. This means that their surface is not easily stained since liquids cannot penetrate to discolor it. Cleaning both sintered stone and engineered quartz worktops, walls or facades is easy, as the stain-causing agents remain on top of the surfaces without getting inside the material.

 

Because of their different composition, sintered stone and engineered quartz have different care requirements. Quartz surfaces can be susceptible to burning from very high temperatures. This can happen in the fabrication shop or at home. If engineered quartz is exposed to extreme heat, it can discolor because of resins in the material. Sintered stone is formed in the presence of extremely high temperatures, and is therefore resistant to temperatures found in normal everyday household environments.


Comparison of sintered stone to ceramic

 

Sintered stone is manufactured from similar raw materials as ceramics, but there are two key differences: the additional components and the pressure applied. Sintered stone also contains the raw materials used to manufacture quartz and glass, which makes sintered surfaces stronger and more durable than porcelain. In addition, extreme pressure and temperature is used to compress and fuse the components together. The conditions in which sintered stone is manufactured resembles those deep inside the earth needed for rocks to be formed naturally. Today's high technologies simulate these processes and speed up the process. While it takes millions of years for the rock to form in the ground, modern technology reduces the time to one or two days.


Comparison of ceramic to porcelain

 

Ceramic and porcelain slabs are produced in a similar way, but the raw materials used differ. Porcelain is made from a special clay of one type of very fine grain, whereas ceramics are made from other clays and may contain more constituent rocks. The differences are also influenced by the compression of the mixture in the press. Porcelain is more densely compressed than ceramics, which makes the porcelain slab even harder and stronger. Porcelain sheets are slightly flexible, UV-resistant, resistant to chemicals, wear, fire and cold, they are environmentally friendly and easy to recycle. Porcelain can also be called ceramic, but ceramic cannot be called porcelain.


Corian solid surface logo
Gforma lieto akmens apdirbėjas logotipas
Arsenalas akmens apdirbėjai logotipas
Kvarcinio akmens gamintojas Radianz logotipas
Akmens apdirbėjas Veritas Ana logotipas
Akrilinio akmens gamintojas Staron logotipas




Informacija šioje svetainėje skirta asmeniniam klientų naudojimui. Čia pateiktus aprašymus, straipsnius ir nuotraukas draudžiama naudoti ar platinti kitose svetainėse, žiniasklaidos priemonėse, skelbimuose ar kitur komerciniais ir nekomerciniais tikslais be Balticstone raštiško sutikimo.